While law protecting wild animals, Act No 9147 of 2001 (the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act) , does not explicitly recognise animal sentience it does recognise their ability to suffer physical pain under Section 27 where it is illegal to maltreat and/or inflict injury to wild species. Certificates for commercial facilities can be revoked or cancelled for failure to comply with the condition that the facilities will not be used for, nor will they cause, pain or suffering to animals (section 2). Negros and Panay also host another threatened species: the Negros Bleeding-heart (. In 2010, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) pegged the Philippines’ deforestation rate at 47,000 hectares per year. https://sciencing.com/degradation-ecosystem-philippines-23752.html. A further point for animal welfare is the recommendation of using water sprays to wet pigs, cattle, carabao, horses and goats during hot weather (2.5.2). The amendment also allows the Secretary of the Department of Agriculture to deputize animal welfare enforcement officers from NGOs, citizens groups, community organisations and other volunteers who have undergone necessary training. Section 8 of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 makes provision for imprisonment (of between 6 months and 2 years) and/or monetary fines for violation of any provisions of the Act. • The Government is encouraged to incorporate a formal recognition of sentience into legislation, with appropriate legal protection based on that recognition, and to ensure that all animals for whom there is scientific evidence – at a minimum, all vertebrates, cephalopods and decapods crustaceans - are included in the recognition of sentience. 8 of 1999, there are further Administrative Orders governing the use of animals in some forms of entertainment. 15 of 2001 also strictly prohibits horse fighting and horses used in entertainment are not allowed to take part in any activity that will cause unnecessary suffering. The effects can be severe. Design yards with safety in mind. Image grabbed from Avilon Zoo’s website. IUCN. Worker participation. Beyond the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 and Administrative Order No. https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B1G5mTNoDPOFS1A0TGNITjhKYWs/preview?usp=embed_facebook. 12 of 2002. Section 7 prohibits abandoning an animal, with higher penalties if the animal is left in circumstances likely to cause unnecessary suffering. 40 of 1999. Chickens are required to be provided enough space for them all to lie down at the same time (Section 4.3). Fisheries Administrative Order No. 25 of 2007 . Philippine Animal Sanctuary and Rescue unveiled that there are millions of stray pets roaming around the streets in the Philippines mostly homeless and with irresponsible owners. [accessed 2018e Jun 25]. • The Government of the Philippines is urged to mandate the humane slaughter of all farm animals. Among the most noteworthy threats to this aquatic reptile are the expansion of areas inhabited by rural folk, possible entanglement in nets during fishing activities, and the purposeful persecution of the species. Section 7 of the Animal Welfare Act (1998) provides that “It shall be the duty of every person to protect the natural habitat of the wildlife. You can assess potential animal handling risks in many ways: Walk through all animal-handling areas and look for hazards, such as broken gate latches, broken posts, or restraining equipment not working. What is coral bleaching? • The Government of the Philippines is strongly urged to ban the use of animal experiments for cosmetic products and their ingredients. Given the differentiation between domesticated and captive-bred animals, this order is applicable to wild animals being held for the purposes of pet-keeping. It is reported that there have been moves to give legal protection to the practice of cockfighting by having it declared as part of the country’s cultural heritage. Between 1990 and 2005 — merely 15 years — the nation lost 32.3% of its forest cover. Implementation of the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act is the responsibility of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (in relation to terrestrial animals) and the Department of Agriculture (in relation to aquatic animals) (section 4), including issuing permits under that Act for the breeding and collection of wild animals. http://aquafind.com/articles/aquatic_biodiversity.php. Although the Act provides that humane procedures must be used, this facilitates the possibility of the authorities using culling as a means of stray dog and cat population management rather than sustainable, higher welfare practices such as Trap-Neuter-Release and Spay/Neuter. Due to agricultural development efforts that significantly reduced the size of their habitat, the species was confined to the inner portions of the island, effectively shrinking the population to less than 250 individuals. Administrative Order No. ), which can be found in Panay and Negros. 15 to provide clarification on adequate rest time, weight carriage and working temperature parameters. In the 2013 update to the Animal Welfare Act of 1998, a new section was added to the Act mandating the designation of animal welfare enforcement officers in the Philippine National Police, National Bureau of Investigation and other law enforcement agencies (Section 10). Section 8 states that it shall be the duty of every person to protect the natural habitat of wildlife, adding that destruction of natural habitat is considered as a form of cruelty to animals. Illegal logging, forest fires, and kaingin (also known as slash-and-burn farming, or the practice of cutting down and burning trees to clear and cultivate land) also contributed significantly to the deterioration of our land area. At present, there are only 200 adults in the wild. Administrative Order No. Dog and horse fighting are banned outright in the Animal Welfare Act (1998), whereas cockfighting is not. Definition of Terms Safety - the physical or environmental conditions of work which comply with the prescribed Occupational Health Safety (OHS) standards and which allow the workers to perform their job without or within acceptable exposure to hazards. Due to the significant animal welfare concerns associated with long distance transport, the Government of the Philippines is strongly urged to ban the export of live animals for long distances (i.e. However, the recognition in section 1 of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998, that animals need to be able to express normal behaviour and to have their psychological as well as physical needs met, as well as the existing regulations on registration of zoos, may provide a route by which improvements can be made in this area. This code of practice is intended to raise awareness of the hazards and risks associated with agriculture and promote their effective management and control; to help prevent occupational accidents and diseases and improve the working environment in practice; to encourage governments, employers, workers and other stakeholders to cooperate to prevent accidents … This year’s theme is “Safe Journey, Safe Kids.” Safe Kids Worldwide Philippines (SKWP), a child-centered road safety advocacy group, and other stakeholders have developed the Young Road Safety Advocate Program to encourage schools to implement road safety practices. This draft guide to good farming practices for animal production food safety was taken from the Report of the Meeting of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Standards Commission (Paris, 17-28 January 2005). In relation to wild animals that are not captive, section 27 of Act No 9147 of 2001, the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act, prohibits inflicting injury which cripples and/or impairs the reproductive systems of wild animals (27(b)) or otherwise maltreating or inflicting injuries to wild animals (27(h)). The initial list of threatened faunal species, created in 2004, included 42 species of mammals, 127 species of birds, 24 reptile species, 14 species of amphibians, and 76 species of fish. Although it does not explicitly state that animals are sentient, Republic Act No. However, this act also allows for wildlife farming, export and killing of wildlife under certain conditions without directions or limitations considering the ability of wild animals to suffer both physically and mentally. Negros and Panay also host another threatened species: the Negros Bleeding-heart (Gallicolumba keayi), which bears a trademark line of red feathers along its throat and breast. In fact, many of the supporting Administrative Orders supporting animal welfare legislation are more than a decade old. Administrative Order No. ABSL-3 protocols are reviewed by the BU IACUC and IBC to ensure both animal welfare and worker safety and health. Similarly, Administrative Order No.41 of 2000 also allows for confinement in individual stalls or farrowing crates but this cannot be for more than 6 weeks at any one time. While firearms usage is allowed, such usage is confined to highly skilled personnel, such as members of the Philippine National Police or Armed Forces.Administrative Order 54 of 2000  provides a code of standards for Veterinary Clinics and Hospitals for small companion animals which places responsibility for their maintenance and operation on the Bureau of Animal Industry. Administrative Order No. Similarly, guidelines on chicken and pig rearing, transport and slaughter were written to align with OIE standards. Better safe than sorry. In other words, if a species is endemic to a particular area, it likely cannot be found in any other place on the planet. Such establishments are required to be managed by qualified staff, who are able to undertake behavioural observation to ensure that no pain or suffering is experienced by the animals (section 3.2.3). The Act also provides a structural framework for addressing animal welfare issues by facilitating the opportunity to involve ‘any Government agency for assistance’, recognising the potentially far reaching nature of animal welfare issues. Administrative Order No. However, there are serious barriers associated with some cultural and societal practices in the Philippines. The Animal Welfare Act of 1998 assigns responsibilities to Government bodies. Administrative Order No. Subsistence hunting operations must employ the least cruel methods of hunting and slaughter, and that all possible efforts should be made to reduce the time of death of animals killed in these hunts. Efforts should be made to release animals into their natural habitat. The Government has put into place structures and legislation to make animal welfare a mainstream concern in the country. Section 15.4.d does stipulate however that the Animal Welfare Protocol must be observed. This includes rodeos, horse racing, circuses and other travelling shows and cock-fighting. However, there are no penalty provisions for violations contained within Administrative Order No.19. We share the Coral Triangle, which houses 400 to 500 species of coral reefs, with the Malay archipelago, Papua New Guinea, and Australia. Some venues for using animals in entertainment such as circuses or carnivals are regulated, but there are few animal welfare provisions. 2016c. Administrative Order No. Standard practice for working safely with animals at BU has been established in Appendix M: Working with Animals of this manual. Bulls and recently calved cows also need particular care. https://www.globalforestwatch.org/dashboards/country/PHL?category=forest-change. Section 2 of the Act requires that certificates of registration are obtained by anyone involved with the commercial use of animals (including in pet shops, kennels and veterinary clinics), and such certificates will only be issued upon proof, and on condition, that the facilities will not be used for, nor will they cause, pain and suffering to the animals. The Philippines has a discontinuous coastline length of 36,289 km, the fifth longest in the world. Section 1 states that the purpose of the Act is to protect and promote the welfare of all animals by regulating facilities using animals as objects of trade or as household pets. Section 7 also stipulates that indigenous people may collect wildlife for traditional purposes but not primarily for trade. Use of sharp and pointed spurs and ‘excessive’ use of the whip during the race or at all afterwards is also prohibited. Additionally, other Governmental departments and stakeholders are brought into animal welfare as an issue through the Committee on Animal Welfare, which is responsible for writing and maintaining the guidelines and standards for animal welfare in the country and for authorising scientific research on animals under section 6 of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998. 40 of 1999. • The Government of the Philippines is encouraged to include representatives from animal welfare organisations on the Wildlife Management Committees. The Department of Agriculture, the Department of Health and the Department of Interior and Local Government have all pledged in principle support for the UDAW. Hazard identification and assessment. The vast majority of the said animals are either cats or dogs, which is fast increasing due to accidental breeding on streets and unwanted births. 1307) to increase awareness of the hazards children face while traveling to and from school. The Philippines certainly doesn’t have this problem. • The Government is encouraged to build on the recognition of the principles of the Five Freedoms that appears in the recent revision to the Animal Welfare Act of 1998, and on the current regulations which make some provision for environmental enrichment, to develop more detailed regulations that provide for captive animals to be able to express normal behaviour and to provide for their psychological as well as physical well-being. ). The cultural acceptance of these practices acts as a significant barrier to improving animal welfare in the Philippines. Reports of Chinese vessels harvesting our giant clams from Scarborough shoal are disturbing, to say the least, and demand swift and stern action. crocodiles and water birds) and all amphibians and the dugong. The Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan includes initiatives and projects that will result in improved animal welfare for wild animal, however, this has not been translated into protections or provisions in law. There are no enforcement mechanisms included in Administrative Order No. [accessed 2018q Jun 25]. The Act also mandates the creation of Wildlife Enforcement Officers in the national police force, armed forces, National Bureau of Investigation as well as from NGOs, citizens groups, community organisations and other volunteers. IUCN. The Government is also encouraged to amend Administrative Order No. [accessed 2018p Jun 25]. 9 of 2011, while regulating the methods of euthanasia for companion animals, including that euthanasia is required to take into consideration that animals be free from physical discomfort, pain, fear and distress; allows it to be undertaken for the purpose of animal population control (Section 5.2.c) – however this is only to be done by a licensed veterinarian. ), which bears a trademark line of red feathers along its throat and breast. Certificates for commercial facilities can be revoked or cancelled for failure to comply with the condition that the facilities will not be used for, nor will they cause, pain or suffering to animals (section 2). Fur farming is inherently cruel and causes pain, distress and suffering to animals. 21 of 2003 provides rules and regulations for pet shops, which, like other Administrative Orders from the Bureau of Animal Industry, embeds the Five Freedoms for animals in pet shops. Sections 3 and 4 of the Animal Welfare Act (1998) cover issues related to the transportation of animals. Smaller than many other species, this crocodile only grows up to five feet in length. Explanation: Because, if we're not doing the hazards and safety, we won't be able to rise the animals … [accessed 2018l Jun 25]. The Philippines houses an estimated 7,620 species of plants, 5,832 of which are endemic. There is a healthy working relationship between the Philippine Government and the OIE. A method of identifying hazards 2. Lasco G. 2017 Mar 30. While the Animal Welfare Act (1998) provides general provisions for animal welfare of animals in captivity, the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act (2001) provides animal welfare and anti-cruelty provisions for exotic species in captivity. The does not appear to be any restriction in the law as to which animals can be kept as pets. This includes space requirements, food and water provisions, barred implements for moving animals as well as barred inhumane acts including ear and tail twisting for example. It is prohibited to inflict injury that cripples and/or impairs the reproductive systems of wild animals, or otherwise to maltreat or inflict injuries to wild animals. The Philippines has its own national association for zoos and aquariums. While it appears that wild animals (unless captive) may not be protected by the anti-cruelty provisions of the Act; the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act (2001), does provide anti-cruelty provisions for wildlife. This year’s theme is “Safe Journey, Safe Kids.” Euthanasia with gas is authorised. In addition to general requirements about allowing sufficient space (section 3.1.9), the only specific requirement for catteries, kennels and pet shops is that handouts on the care of the animals must accompany every sale (section 3.2.1.1). Crocodile Its no coincidence that one of the biggest – if not the biggest – crocodile ever caught by man was found in Philippine waters, though the creature died a year ago. Both departments run separate committees such as the Committee of Animal Welfare (Department of Agriculture) and the National Committee on Wildlife Management (Department of Environment and Natural Resources); however, there is no suggestion that these two committees work together to ensure animal welfare protections for all animals under their jurisdictions. Aside from the three examples mentioned, another species in danger of extinction is the kalaw or Visayan wrinkled hornbill (Rhabdotorrhinus waldeni), which can be found in Panay and Negros. Administrative Order No. • The Government is urged to use stunning methods which are the most humane, according to the species, in order to prevent distress to the animals. This is required to be done through humane procedures at all times, where “humane procedures” means the use of the most “scientific methods available as may be determined and approved by the Committee”. Think about the animals you are working with. However, flank straps and electric prods are permitted, as is calf roping, although this is permitted to be on foot only. The initial list of threatened faunal species, created in 2004, included 42 species of mammals, 127 species of birds, 24 reptile species, 14 species of amphibians, and 76 species of fish. 8 of 1999 provides some more detailed rules on the registration of facilities including circuses, carnival animal shows, racetracks and equestrian establishments. Other species in critical danger include the Philippine Cockatoo (. 8 of 1999 makes rules on the registration of facilities including laboratory animal facilities, although it only applies to such facilities where the temperature cannot be controlled within set limits (therefore it appears that this does not cover temperature-controlled indoor facilities). One of the most easily recognizable endemic animals in the Philippines is the tamaraw (. Zoos must be designed with environmental enrichment facilities to minimise the risks of development of neurotic behaviour in the animals (section 3.2.5.3). IUCN. It has been listed by the IUCN as critically endangered since 1996. 32 of 2000  regarding dog shows states that shows must adhere to the Five Freedoms. There are also national and regional Wildlife Management Committees and the recently approved Wildlife Law Enforcement Action Plan is aiming to improve protections for wild animals.Since 2004, due to a Presidential Proclamation, the first week of October each year is “Animal Welfare Week” across the Philippines. Other Governmental departments and stakeholders are brought into animal welfare as an issue through the Committee on Animal Welfare, the group responsible for writing and maintaining the guidelines and standards for animal welfare in the country. Administrative Order No. 19  of 2006 governs the transport of live animals by road and explicitly states the considerations of the Five Freedoms. There is also no indication in the law of any interaction between the Wildlife Management Committees and the Committee on Animal Welfare. Administrative Order No. Animal Welfare Enforcement officers have the authority “to seize and rescue illegally traded and maltreated animals and to arrest violators of the Act”. • The Government of the Philippines is encouraged to amend the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 to explicitly add the abandonment of animals as animal cruelty and to extend the Act to protect animals that are not ‘objects of trade’ or household pets. The Director of the Bureau for Animal Industry is identified as the representative responsible for authorisation, regulation and supervision of animal protection issues related to facilities and transport in sections 2 and 3. It details that slaughter (as well as euthanasia) should be done ‘rapidly and humanely and must occur with the least fear, anxiety, pain and distress to the animals’. Additionally, section 4 makes it the duty of any transport owner or operator to provide adequate, clean and sanitary facilities for safe transport, together with sufficient food and water for animals in transit for more than 12 hours or whenever necessary. 12 of 2002, beak and spur trimming are permitted. 21 of 2003 to exclude wild animals such as birds under their definition of companion animal and to ban the keeping of wildlife – both captive-bred and caught – as pets, since the welfare needs of wild animals cannot be fulfilled in private homes. The Order also provides details on space allowances (in m2) per animal by species and size. I’m a Filipino born and raised in America, but had the opportunity to live and work there in my 20s. Furthermore, Section 5 creates a Committee on Animal Welfare and sets out the foundations of its responsibilities. Further protections are included such as competitors are not allowed to treat animals in any way that causes injury or harm. The Order includes provisions on prohibited acts during travel, as well as protections during hot and cold weather. I gasped a little when I saw Philippines! Under Order No. Under Philippine law there are also inconsistencies. The OIE’s ‘Improved Animal Welfare Programme’ is a good example of a programme which covers aspects of transport and slaughter practices integral to the OIE’s animal welfare standards. Massive Coral Bleaching Damages 95% of Corals in Philippines | TreeHugger. 214 (2001) establishes such a Code outlining the general … 2016a. The country’s 34,000 square kilometers of coral reefs provide refuge for one-third of all its fish species. These animals should be retired to large seaside sanctuaries, which allow for an increased range of natural behaviours. In the Philippines, June marks the start of a new school year. ONEOCEAN Infomations. • The Government of the Philippines is encouraged to review all legislation including Administrative Orders to ensure they are aligned with OIE animal welfare standards. Aside from deforestation and fragmentation due to logging and timber extraction, hunting is also a major cause for this, especially since juvenile birds are easily shot or trapped. The OIE has worked with the Philippine Government in recent years on disease control and on rabies vaccination in stray dog populations. • The Government of the Philippines is encouraged to promote and provide resources for responsible pet ownership, relying on mandatory vaccinations and neutering programmes. Currently, the species can only be found in localities in the country (Dalupiri island, Ligawasan marsh, and Lake Sebu), occupying only a meager area of about 2,000 square kilometers. Purposes but not primarily for trade requirements for dogs HYENA at the same time ( 3.2.5.3... 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