phiaro) ist ein Strom in Afrika, der mit einer Gesamtlänge von ungefähr 6650 km als längster Fluss der Erde gilt. Kagera lies just south of the equator, between 1°00' and 2°45' south latitudes. It was renamed Kagera after the Uganda-Tanzania War, when Idi Amin attempted to annexe it in 1978. The Kagera River, also known as Akagera River, or Alexandra Nile, is an East African river, forming part of the upper headwaters of the Nile and carrying water from its most distant source. Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. The lake receives most of its water from direct precipitation. 2. The authority of the nine kingdoms (Kihanja, Karagwe, Kiziba, Misenye, Bugabo, Kyamtwara, Ihangiro, Bukara and Biharamulo) was diminished when Germans colonised Tanzania in 1885 and supported the Haya, the ethnic group of Bukoba and Muleba Districts over the other districts. In fact women commanded special respect in all traditional rituals. It is near the town of Rusumo. Longitudinally, it lies between 30°25' and 32°40' east of Greenwich. Rivers normally contain freshwater. The true source of the River Nile. Other Christian denominations including the Roman Catholic church later arrived. Kagera, Irene; Kahenya, Peter; Mutua, Florence; Anyango, Gladys; Kyallo, Florence; Grace, Delia; Lindahl, Johanna Status of aflatoxin contamination in cow milk produced in smallholder dairy farms in urban and peri-urban areas of Nairobi County: a case study of Kasarani sub county, Kenya. The river merges with the Ruvubu in the southeast, forming the Kagera River which ultimately enters Lake Victoria after crossing into Tanzania. In cooperation with Dr. Robert Koch, he confirmed that the cause was the same bacteria as the outbreak in Bombay. [citation needed]. [6] Other chiefs include Rumanyika of Karagwe, Ruhinda, Kahigi and other inferior chiefs. Kagera occupies the northwestern corner of Tanzania. Although there was a gender-based division of labour in the traditional Bahaya society, women of the time were not thought to be inferior to men. The region shares borders with Uganda to the north, Rwanda and Burundi to the west, the region of Kigoma to the south, and the region of Geita to the east. The region takes its name from the Kagera River, which flows from Rwanda through northern Tanzania before it enters Lake Victoria, to emerge as the Nile, the longest river in the world. It is home to the greatest wildlife spectacle on earth - the great migration of wildebeest and zebra. [4] The region's total area is just 446 square kilometres (172 sq mi) less than that of Switzerland. Some prominent chiefs in Kagera include Kyamukuma, who is a last[clarification needed] chief in Misenye (currently Missenyi District). Proceedings of the Second Meeting of the Global Working Group for the Biological and Integrated Control of Water Hyacinth, Beijing, China, 9-12 October 2000, 39-42 Cultural tours are available for tourists visiting Kagera and can be accessed from the region's capital of Bukoba. It lends its name to Akagera National Park in northern Rwanda, as well as to the Kagera Region of Tanzania. [3] The Kagera is formed by the confluence of the Ruvuvu and the Nyabarongo, close to the northernmost point of Lake Tanganyika. Their legacy is seen in the many churches in the region. The region is located in the northwestern corner of Tanzania on the western shore of Lake Victoria. [2]:page 4 It was also the ninth-most densely populated region, with 97 people per square kilometre. There is the Kagera River, which flows into Lake Victoria from Lake Rweru in Burundi, but it too receives water from two other tributaries: the Ruvubu and the … When authority was transferred to the British who supplanted the Germans, Kagera was open to Lutheran missionary activity. The river has featured prominently in the histories of the countries it runs through, particularly Rwanda. *ı͗ắtraw „Fluss“, koptisch ⲫⲓⲁⲣⲱ piaro bzw. The region was known as West Lake before June 1979. The demise of these kingdoms came after Tanzania gained its independence and president Nyerere considered them detrimental to national unity. However the local kings held on to power. It rises south of the Equator and flows northward through northeastern Africa to drain into the Mediterranean Sea. Other rivers converging into Lake Victoria – the largest of the Nile Equatorial Lakes – … Nilul (în arabă النيل, transliterat: an-nīl) este un mare fluviu din nord-estul Africii.Acesta izvorăște din munții Rwandei și Burundi și se varsă în Marea Mediterană traversând statele Sudan, Sudanul de Sud, Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Etiopia și Egipt.Cu lungimea de 6.690 km, fluviul Nil este primul fluviu ca lungime din lume, urmat de Amazon cu 6.440 km. For a period of about five centuries, Kagera was home to nine different kingdoms with highly hierarchical societies. Factors Influencing River Erosion. The region is known for its agriculture, its beautiful lush landscapes, and its wildlife. However, the biggest of these feeders, the Kagera river, is now usually accepted to be the true source of the Nile. [2]:page 6, On 10 September 2016, the region was struck by an earthquake measuring 5.9 on the moment magnitude scale. Dear RapidMiner user, We would like to inform you that we have decided to discontinue our offering called RapidMiner Cloud. Rising in the southwest is the longest river of Rwanda - Nyabarongo. Kagera is one of Tanzania's 31 administrative regions. Not all questions can be answered on the world map, so Click on the magnifying glass for each continent or region to go to that region for a more detailed map.If you are signed in, your score will be saved and you can keep track of your progress. It was renamed Kagera after the Uganda-Tanzania War, when Idi Amin attempted to annexe it in 1978. According to the 2012 national census, the region had a population of 2,458,023, which was lower than the pre-census projection of 2,763,329. The Thames is 346 kms. The regional capital is Bukoba, which is about 1,400 kilometres (870 mi) from Dar es Salaam by road. In 1894, German Gustav Adolf von Götzen crossed the Kagera at Rusumo Falls, beginning the Rwandan colonial era; and in 1916, during World War I, the Belgians defeated the Germans, entering Rwanda by the same route. The Kagera rises in Burundi and flows into Lake Victoria. 1. With RapidMiner Cloud, you were able to store data, RapidMiner processes and results in a personal cloud-based remote repository and execute RapidMiner processes in the cloud. Its largest influent is the Kagera River, the mouth of which lies on the lake's western shore. In 1898, Richard Kandt discovered the source of the Kagera.[2]. The Kagera River, the largest and most important of the lake affluents, enters the western side of Lake Victoria just north of latitude 1° S. The only other river of note entering from the west is the Katonga, north of Kagera. The Kagera River, also known as Akagera River, or Alexandra Nile, is an East African river, forming part of the upper headwaters of the Nile and carrying water from its most distant source. Akagera National Park is located near the region, in Rwanda. Kagera was formerly known as the West Lake region. [5][7], During the Rwandan genocide of 1994, the Kagera was used to dispose of corpses as thousands of Tutsis and Hutu political moderates were murdered on the river banks. Stanley, H.M., 1899, Through the Dark Continent, London: G. Newnes, "An Annotated Checklist of the Fishes of Rwanda (East Central Africa), With Historical Data on Introductions of Commercially Important Species", 10.2982/0012-8317(2001)90[41:AACOTF]2.0.CO;2, "Thousands of Rwanda Dead Wash Down to Lake Victoria", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kagera_River&oldid=1001165750, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2001, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 14:31. Some might tell you that Lake Victoria , Africa’s main lake, is the source of the Nile River. The arguments arose because the river begins in the area of Lake Victoria, which has many feeder rivers entering into the lake. The Kagera River forms the region's border with Rwanda. The only river to leave the lake (flowing north) the White Nile (known as the "Victoria Nile"), leaves at Jinja, Uganda, on the lake's north shore . Bananas were a staple food in the region. Others will say the Kagera River and its tributary the Ruvubu, having its headwaters in Burundi, is the real source. [5] It has reasonably fertile old soils, but overuse in some parts of the region has led to soil exhaustion and a need to use fertiliser. There was a chief called Omukama (the word meant a king or chief) who could be born with that authority. Learn more about the Nile River, including its hydrology and its plant and animal life, in this article. Kagera is home to Biharamulo, Burigi, Ibanda and Rumanyika and Orugundu Game reserves, a National Park situated on Rubondo Island and a wildlife sanctuary based on Saa Nane Island. 2. The Kagera region has abundant wildlife, including baboons and other types of monkeys. [2]:page 2 For 2002-2012, the region's 3.2 percent average annual population growth rate was tied for the third highest in the country. The Kagera River basin is rich in fish. Lake Victoria is relatively shallow. The kings lived in elaborate palaces and were respected as the direct link to gods of their kingdoms. Biological and integrated control of water hyacinth: Eichhornia crassipes. A quiz on oceans, seas, bays, gulfs, rivers etc around the world. It is unknown which of these two feeder rivers is the longer and hence the ultimate source of the Nile. Similarly, upon the death of a reigning king, during the crowning of the next king, there had to be a "sister to the nation" (Kinyany'engoma) who was also selected from among his sisters. River volume - A river with a large volume has a greater kinetic energy to erode than one with a small volume. Recent efforts in biological control of water hyacinth in the Kagera River headwaters of Rwanda. Click on an area on the map to answer the questions. On the river are the Rusumo Falls, an important crossing point between Rwanda and Tanzania. The Source of the River was Disputed for Many Years. Kagera is Tanzania's fifteenth-largest region and accounts for approximately 3.3 percent of Tanzania's total land area of 885,800 square kilometres (342,000 sq mi). Ripon Falls may be the starting-point of the river, but the many streams that flow into Lake Victoria could claim to be the true source. These tours include visits to the region's national parks/nature reserves etc. [1]:167 With a total length of 597 km (371 mi) from it's source located in Lake Rweru in Rwanda. The regional capital is the city of Bukoba. [5] Additionally, there are at least 15 undescribed species of haplochromine cichlids that are endemic to some of the lakes in the upper parts of the river basin. [4] It forms parts of the Burundi–Tanzania, Rwanda–Tanzania, Burundi–Rwanda, and Tanzania–Uganda borders. The resident population of lion, cheetah, elephant, giraffe, and birds is also impressive. Most of the world's major cities are located on the banks of rivers. During German rule Dr. M. Zupitza, then serving as the local medical officer, encountered the plague outbreak in Kiziba (1897–1898). 2. The longest river in the UK is the Severn at 354 kms. The region takes its name from the Kagera River, which flows from Rwanda through northern Tanzania before it enters Lake Victoria, to emerge as the Nile, the longest river in the world. It then takes a turn to the east, following the Tanzania-Uganda border and emptying into Lake Victoria in Uganda. It was the biggest earthquake to have been recorded in Tanzania.[3]. Provinces Map of Rwanda Slope of land - A river flowing on a steep channel has greater velocity and therefore more energy to erode its channel than … The lake’s only outlet is the Victoria Nile, which exits from the northern coast. The region neighbours Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi and lies across the lake from Kenya. The waters of the Kagera are thus provided by two major tributaries, the Nyabarongo of Rwanda, which feeds Lake Rweru, and the Ruvubu of Burundi. The region is administratively divided into eight districts: Kagera was formerly known as the West Lake region. From the confluence, the Kagera flows north along the Rwanda-Tanzania border, over Rusumo Falls and through Akagera National Park. For example, upon the death of a head of a family (Nyin'enju), during the following inheritance rituals the "Main Inheritor" (Omusika) had to have a female counterpart selected from among his sisters to share his authority. The section of river named Kagera begins in Burundi, flowing out from Lake Rweru. The river gained international notoriety in 1994 for carrying bodies from the Rwandan genocide into Lake Victoria, causing a state of emergency to be declared in areas of Uganda, where these bodies eventually washed up. It is the largest single inflow into the lake, contributing approximately 6.4 billion cubic metres of water a year (about 28 per cent of the lake's outflow). Before European colonialism, coffee was a traditional crop in the area, used for its stimulant properties and in local cultural rituals. Much of Lake Victoria is surrounded by mountains with streams tumbling down into the lake. World: bodies of water. : 167 With a total length of 597 km (371 mi) from it's source located in Lake Rweru in Rwanda. 28 STATE OF THE RIVER NILE BASIN 2012 The course of the Nile The most distant source of the Nile is the Ruvyironza River, which flows into Lake Victoria through the Ruvubu and Kagera rivers. The Serengeti National Park in Tanzania was established in 1952. The largest tributary of Lake Victoria is the Kagera river. The Real Source of the Nile River Remains Unknown . Out of the region's total area of 40,838 square kilometres (15,768 sq mi), 11,885 square kilometres (4,589 sq mi) is covered by the waters of Lake Victoria, Lake Ikimba, Lake Burigi, and the Ngono and Kagera rivers. The Danube is Europe's 2nd longest river and flows through many cities including four national capitals (Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest, and Belgrade). [6] Because of the many waterfalls and rapids, the various sections of the Kagera River basin are clearly separated, making movements between them difficult or even impossible to fish. Nile River, the longest river in the world, called the father of African rivers. Seth, Niyikiza [The new Haya Transformation, The legacy of Babumbilo (2014)], "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab", Population Distribution by Administrative Units, United Republic of Tanzania, 2013, "Sh1.4 billion raised for earthquake survivors", United Republic of Tanzania: Kagera Region, Kagera Region Homepage for the 2002 Tanzania National Census, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kagera_(region)&oldid=1001112498, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Swahili (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2013, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 08:47. As of 2001[update], there were at least 55 species known from the Rwandan section alone and the actual number is likely higher. From the lake, it flows east along the Rwanda-Burundi and Rwanda-Tanzania borders to a confluence with the Ruvubu River. The section of river named Kagera begins in Burundi, flowing out from Lake Rweru. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. [8] The river brought the massacred bodies into Lake Victoria, creating a serious health hazard in Uganda.[9]. Der Nil (arabisch النيل an-Nīl; von altgriechisch Νεῖλος Neilos, später Nīlos, davor lateinisch Nilus, altägyptisch ı͗tr.w bzw. Its attempted annexation by Uganda in 1978 triggered the Uganda–Tanzania War which culminated in the overthrow of Ugandan dictator Idi Amin on 11 April 1979, at the Fall of Kampala. Kahigi is among the chiefs who waived their territories by colloborating with German colonialists. During colonial times, coffee was transformed into a cash crop. 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